Tahrif has traditionally denoted one of two things when applied to the Christian and Jewish Scriptures. The first is that the meaning of the text has been misrepresented in translation or interpretation (tahrif al-maʿānī,). The second is that the text has been intentionally changed (tahrif al-nass).
Usually questions of tahrif focus on the Bible; however, the Quran is guilty of tahrif al-nass because Muslims believe the Quran completely replaces the previous Scriptures of the Jews and Christians. The Quran is also guilty of tahrif al-maʿānī, and this is most clearly demonstrated in its regard of Jesus’ crucifixion.
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