Is the Quran or Bible the Word of God? Christianity or Islam?

Archive for the "textual variants" tag:

Quran Manuscripts, Copyist Errors, and Viable Variants

Appreciating the textual tradition of the Quran, such as copyist errors, should open doors for Muslims to understand that the textual tradition of the Christian and Jewish Scriptures does not invalidate them from being the Word of God.

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Some of the oldest Quran fragments found (video)

Fragments of what may be world’s oldest Quran have been found at the University of Birmingham. Radiocarbon dating puts the fragments somewhere between 568 and 645 AD. These Quranic pages went unrecognized in the university library for almost 100 years.






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Perfect Text with an Imperfect Tradition

Muslims believe in the perfect preservation of the Quran. However, preservation of the Quran is rooted in an imperfectly preserved tradition.






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Uthman’s Destruction of Quran Variants

Uthman’s collection of the Quran had a high historical cost.






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Disproving the Quran

Does the Arabic Quran perfectly preserve what Muhammad recited? Is the Sana Quran the “smoking gun” and proof that the Quran is false?






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Multiple Readings of the Quran

A Muslim explanation of variant readings in the Quran taken from Muhammad Mustafa al-Azami. I show that, contrary to Al-Azami, the multiple readings (variants) of the Quran can not all be traced back to the qira’at.






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List of Quran Errors

This post gives a short list of errors in copies of the Quran including errors in the Sana Quran. The point of the list is to help Muslims understand that they should not dismiss the Bible because of its transmission errors.






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Did Muhammad Exist?

The Sana Quran is significant because it is one of the oldest Quran manuscripts and therefore gives evidence that Muhammad existed contrary to the claims of people like Robert Spencer.






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Quran errors or perfect preservation?

While it is the belief of many Muslims that the Quran has been perfectly preserved, the process of printing has introduced errors.






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Uthman’s Collection of the Quran

A traditional Muslim account of how Uthman collected the Quran. Taken from Muhammad Mustafa al-Azami, The History of the Quranic Text from Revelation to Compilation.






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Sana Quran

The Sana Quran palimpsest is a significant find because it is one of the oldest extant Quran manuscripts; it is different from the standard Quran disseminated by Uthman; and it is manuscript evidence of a different textual tradition from Uthman.






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The first complete Arabic Quran printed by movable type

The first complete Arabic Quran said to have been printed by movable type appeared in Venice in 1537-8. It was thought to have been completely lost until a copy showed up in the 1980s, displaying a very faulty text.






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Does the Arabic Quran perfectly preserve what Muhammad recited?

The Cairo edition of the Arabic Quran is based on readings that in a “small number of cases” contradict earlier sources and whose text is “often at odds with manuscript evidence.”






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Are there copyist errors in Quran manuscripts?

There are over 250,000 manuscripts of the Quran. When comparing them it is always possible to find copying mistakes here and there; this is an example of human fallibility.






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Dan Wallace Explains the New Testament Variants in Ten Minutes

Muslims argue against the reliability of the New Testament by pointing out that there are variants in the different manuscripts. Here are two helpful and succinct videos explaining the New Testament variants in just ten minutes.






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Bart Ehrman

Bart Ehrman’s explanation why he would not attempt to apply his scholarship toward the Quran.






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Dan Wallace on the Reliability of the New Testament

Muslims argue against the reliability of the New Testament by pointing out that there are variants in the different manuscripts. To help answer these objections I am posting the following video by Daniel Wallace, Professor of New Testament at Dallas Theological Seminary, and the Executive Director of the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts (CSNTM).






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The Manuscript Tradition in Christianity and Islam

Muslims reject the authority of the Christian Scriptures for a number of reasons. Some say Christians and Jews distorted the Scriptures by wiping out descriptions of Muhammad (Arabic text). Others appeal to textual criticism and the manuscript tradition of the Bible.






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Codices of the Qur’an and Abd-Allah ibn Mas’ud

There is some confusion about Ibn Mas’ud – one of the closest companions to Muhammad.  To help clarify, I offer two articles, in their entirety, from the Encyclopaedia of the Qur’an.  The first article is entitled Codices of the Qurʾān and was written by Frederik Leehmius: Codices of the Qurʾān A designation generally used to refer to […]

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