Islam and the death and resurrection of Jesus
J. Gresham Machen noted the following about the importance of history to Christianity,
The student of the New Testament should be primarily an historian. The centre and core of all the Bible is history. Everything else that the Bible contains is fitted into an historical framework and leads up to an historical climax. The Bible is primarily a record of events.
The Bible contains a record of something that has happened, something that puts a new face upon life. What that something is, is told us in Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. It is the life and death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The authority of the Bible should be tested here at the central point. Is the Bible right about Jesus?…If it is wrong here, then its authority is gone. The question must be faced. What shall we think about Jesus of Nazareth? (History and Faith, Princeton, NJ : The Princeton Theological Review, 13.3 [July 1915], 337-351).
Muslims deny the death of Jesus on the cross, therefore they deny His resurrection from the dead. Denying these two events is to deny history, and a denial of history is irrational.